Climateworks works with a variety of corporations and business associations to encourage effective business reporting on climate risks, opportunities and credible transition plans.
Submission to the Climate Change Authority’s consultation on setting, tracking and achieving Australia’s emissions reduction targets
Australia has major opportunities in a net zero global economy from its renewable energy and mineral resources. However, Australia’s current high emissions intensity means that there are many challenges to transform the economy and reach net zero emissions.
There is no single pathway to decarbonisation for Australia. Despite limited time to meet our 1.5°C targets, there are a range of ways the country can get there, with opportunities across sectors to seize the benefits of a net zero future.
Australia’s industrial regions play an essential role in the nation’s economy. They also produce a significant proportion of Australia’s emissions and contribute considerably to the country’s energy use. Five regions alone – Gladstone, Pilbara, Kwinana, Hunter, and Illawarra – supply a combined A$166 billion to Australia’s Gross Domestic Product and employ 2.9 per cent of Australia’s workforce. They also account for more than 16 per cent of Australia’s Greenhouse Gas emissions each year (Climateworks Centre and Climate-KIC Australia 2022).
Australia’s 11 million homes are responsible for over 10 per cent of its total emissions and more than 25 per cent of electricity consumption.
Residential homes are at the forefront of climate change in Australia. With most built before energy performance requirements, residential buildings make up more than 10% of Australia’s emissions.
With a revised safeguard mechanism and other climate policies now in place, the table is set for Australia to transition to net zero emissions.
Climateworks has long supported high quality standards and requirements for businesses reporting on their climate risk and opportunities. These government standards would be in line with international best practice for climate risk disclosure and mandatory reporting for certain entities – based on their size and exposure to risk.
Submission to the Australian Energy Market Operator on their Inputs, Assumptions and Scenarios Report that will inform energy system planning
We welcomed the opportunity to work with the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) to model scenarios from narratives designed by AEMO and its stakeholders for this Integrated System Plan (ISP).This submission provides recommendations on how the Inputs, Assumptions and Scenarios Report (IASR) might inform the ISP and further strengthen and future-proof it.
Climateworks supports introducing declining baselines in the Safeguard Mechanism as a key policy lever to accelerate emissions reductions in the highest emitting facilities in Australia.
Agriculture is a key export industry for Australia, the heart of many rural communities, and a significant source of employment. But covering more than half of Australia’s land mass, agriculture is also the main cause of human-induced land clearing and a driver of land degradation – and accounts for 16 per cent of Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions.
Anna Skarbek, CEO of Climateworks Centre, introduces the organisation’s 2022 impact report. In 2022, the global community held firm in its commitment to a net zero future, amidst a challenging year with continued impacts from the COVID pandemic, war in Ukraine, energy security concerns and rising living costs worldwide.
Submission to the Australian Governments’ consultation on proposed legislative changes to incorporate an emissions reduction objective into the national energy objectives
The transformation of the energy system is crucial for the decarbonisation of Australia’s economy. It has substantial emissions in its own right – with electricity generation around a third of national emissions and other stationary energy around another fifth.
Submission to the Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water’s consultation on the Powering the Regions Fund
Climateworks supports the government’s creation of funds such as the Powering the Regions Fund to support rapid economic transition to a net zero emissions economy.
Submission to the Department of Industry, Science and Resources’ consultation on the National Reconstruction Fund
Climateworks supports the government’s creation of funds such as the National Reconstruction Fund (NRF). We see a strong benefit from government financing to support the rapid transition to a net zero global economy, back regional industry and deliver secure jobs of the future.
Submission to the Department of Climate Change, Energy, the Environment and Water’s consultation on the National Energy Performance Strategy
Climateworks Centre supports the creation of the National Energy Performance Strategy (NEPS). Climateworks modelling shows the importance of energy performance improvements.
Climateworks supports the development by Treasury of a Measuring What Matters Statement, and the development of an Australian framework for wellbeing to complement traditional fiscal macro-economic indicators.
This report analyses targets, policies and programs announced by Australian federal, state and territory governments, with a focus on policies introduced since the publication of our previous report on state and territory climate action. Building on previous emissions reduction commitments (our 2021 report found that state and territory interim targets translated to an estimated 37–42 per cent reduction below 2005 emissions by 2030, Australia-wide) the states and territories continue to increase their climate action, allocating billions of dollars to emissions reduction measures and making significant regulatory and legislative changes. At a national level, the federal government this year legislated national emissions reduction targets of 43 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050, reflecting an increase in ambition.
Climateworks Centre has created an assessment approach to provide insights on ASX200 companies’ commitments and alignment with the Paris Agreement goal aiming to limit global warming to 1.5°C.
Climateworks Centre has analysed the ASX200’s climate commitments against a 1.5°C trajectory, in line with mitigating the worst impacts of climate change.
Common questions about our analysis of ASX200 emissions reduction commitments, answered. Climateworks Centre’s Net Zero Momentum Tracker provides greater visibility of corporate Australia’s progress towards a 1.5°C goal.
Hear from our experts as they track this year’s Australian corporate and government progress towards a 1.5°C future. The 2022 Australian federal election shifted the national conversation on decarbonisation, and resulted in an increase in Australia’s ambition for emissions reduction.
Climateworks Centre welcomes the Federal Government’s commitment to developing a National Electric Vehicle Strategy (NEVS) at this critical time for decarbonising transport.
Note: In this submission provided to the Victorian Government in May 2022, we recommended Victoria set a 2035 emissions reduction target of 75-80 per cent below 2005 levels, based on a 1.5 degrees Celsius least cost pathway for Australia.
The global shift to electric vehicles (EVs) is well underway, but Australia’s EV uptake lags behind this trend. In 2021, just two per cent of cars sold in Australia were EVs, despite half of all Australians seeing their next car purchase as an EV.
Living within limits: Adapting the planetary boundaries to understand Australia’s contribution to planetary health
The Land Use Futures program at Climateworks Centre has adapted the global planetary boundaries framework to Australia, outlining how the nation is tracking against its share of the boundaries and what this means for the land use sector.
Australia’s regions face growing uncertainty as shifts to decarbonise global supply chains risk leaving industrial regions behind. Yet the global shifts present enormous opportunities for economic growth while significantly reducing emissions across the country.
To limit warming to 1.5°C we need global emissions reduction as scale. But the protection and restoration of nature will also be vital to climate solutions.
2021 was a year of important progress on climate, even as the world continued to grapple with many challenges from the COVID-19 pandemic. The COP26 climate summit in Glasgow moved worldwide focus firmly to limiting warming to 1.5 degrees, and to ratcheting up 2030 ambition to align with this long term target.
The Land Use Trade-offs model has groundbreaking capabilities to consider the potential impact of land use practices across Australia, as well as potential changes in domestic and overseas demand for agricultural products.
In November 2021, Climateworks had the opportunity to respond to the Inquiry into Renewable Energy in Victoria. Climateworks supports transitioning Victoria to 100 per cent renewable energy.
Climateworks Australia’s submission to the draft bill for amending Tasmania’s Climate Change (State Action) Act 2008
In November 2021, Climateworks had the opportunity to respond to the consultation process on the draft bill for amending Tasmania’s Climate Change (State Action) Act 2008. Climateworks congratulates the Tasmanian Government on continuing its leading action on climate change through this amendment of its Climate Change (State Action) Act 2008.
What does the future of Australia’s infrastructure look like, when seen through a low-carbon lens? Infrastructure influences around 70 per cent of Australia’s annual greenhouse gas emissions.
In October Climateworks Australia had the opportunity to respond to the Discussion Paper: King Review Safeguard Crediting Mechanism (the Discussion Paper) of the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources (the Department).
In October 2021 Climateworks had the opportunity to respond to the energy efficiency provisions of the National Construction Code Public Comment Draft.
Read our news story: Climateworks report shows what net zero best practice means for business and reveals examples of Australian companies getting it right What does it take to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees?
All Australian state and territory governments are now committed to net zero emissions by 2050 or earlier. These commitments cover all emissions produced within Australia’s borders.
Ambitious targets are just part of the equation for a 1.5 degree future. For decision makers in both business and government, the question is: how do we get there?
Emissions from Australia’s industrial supply chains are considered ‘hard-to-abate’ because addressing them poses more technological and commercial challenges than encountered in other sectors of the economy.
Australia can be competitive and remain a major export economy as the world decarbonises. But the transition challenges are real, and the solutions go beyond what a single player can achieve alone.
In July 2021 Climateworks had to opportunity to provide input to Queensland’s new Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Strategy. The submission draws from our Decarbonisation Futures scenario modelling, our Moving to Zero transport report, and a comparison of current Queensland zero-emissions vehicles policy and leading policies inother states and territories.
The briefing room: Transforming our food and land use systems – global trends and Australia’s opportunity
On Tuesday 20 July Climateworks Australia hosted a UN Food Systems Summit Independent Dialogue, putting the spotlight on sustainable food and land use systems, and the role Australia can play in supporting climate outcomes.
Climateworks submissions to the review of Tasmania’s Climate Change (State Action) Act 2008 and the consultation on Tasmania’s next climate change action plan
The independent review of Tasmania’s Climate Change (State Action) Act 2008 provides an opportunity to bring Tasmania’s legislation in line with the state’s ambition to be a world leader on climate change, and in line with the state’s unique emissions profile.
In April 2021 Climateworks had the opportunity to respond to the Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources Future Fuels Strategy: Discussion Paper ‘Powering Choice’.
In 2020, Climateworks was proud to adapt and ‘hold focus’ despite the extraordinary circumstance of operating amid a global pandemic. We entered 2020 with a newly developed strategy for the transformative decade ahead.
Climateworks supports Infrastructure Victoria’s recommendations that will strengthen the alignment of infrastructure planning, assessment, investment decisions and delivery with the Climate Change Act 2017, which includes a target of net zero emissions by 2050.
A Climate Change Act for Australia would create structure and transparency at the national level so that the nation can meet the goals of the Paris Agreement in an effective manner.
The Australian resources sector must rise to the challenge of the global net zero transition The Net Zero Momentum Tracker Resources Sector report, the seventh sector report in a series by Climateworks Australia with the Monash Sustainable Development Institute, analyses 22 of Australia’s biggest emitters within the resources sector.
Producing more ocean-based protein from sustainable fishing and aquaculture is possible but depends upon protection and restoration of marine and estuarine ecosystems.
On Tuesday 8 December 2020 Climateworks and the British High Comission hosted a discussion on pathways to a robust and competitive sustainable finance sector in Australia.
The COVID-19 pandemic is profoundly affecting all Australian jurisdictions and sectors. The economic fallout is ongoing, unresolved, and the full extent of the impacts are unknown.
Super sector moves on emissions, as funds commit to net zero Superannuation is an influential component of Australia’s economy and a significant and growing source of investment in domestic assets.
Meaningfully contributing to overcoming systemic diversity and inclusion challenges in food and land use should be prioritised within each transition. Read about how Australia is progressing towards this transition.
A shift towards more plant-rich diets could meet human health and nutritional needs while minimising environmental impacts. Read about how Australia is progressing towards this transition.
Expanding the range of protein sources could provide health benefits, free up land and water for other uses, and cut methane and greenhouse gas emissions, while opening up new economic opportunities.
Circular local food economies can reduce environmental impacts, build resilience and improve security of fresh food by shortening supply chains and repurposing urban waste streams.
Digital technologies and big data can support each of the other transitions through improved supply chain transparency and alignment to economic, social and environmental objectives.
Efficiency and optimisation, redistribution of excess food and repurposing of unavoidable food waste can reduce pressure on the climate, water and land resources, while delivering economic benefits.
Development of the Housing Strategy for NSW is timely. As NSW manages and emerges from coronavirus, policy makers now have the opportunity to invest in initiatives that create jobs, restart the economy and help meet the state’s Net Zero Plan Stage 1: 2020-2030 and net zero emissions by 2050 target.
Each transition must support stronger, more diverse and more resilient rural and regional livelihoods Read about how Australia is progressing towards this transition.
Changing farming practices and technologies can improve profitability and resilience while reducing and reversing climate, environmental and other impacts. Read about how Australia is progressing towards this transition.
It is possible to both produce affordable, nutritious food and fibre while protecting and rehabilitating the ecosystems that underpin human health, livelihoods, food security and wellbeing.
Climateworks’ Decarbonisation Futures sets an urgent challenge: energy performance of housing must improve, on average, by nearly fifty percent in the next decade for Australia to reach net zero emissions by 2050.
Climateworks has made a submission to the Australian Government’s Technology Investment Roadmap Discussion Paper. Climateworks welcomes the paper’s recognition of the suite of solutions available to reduce Australian emissions.
There has been no central place to track net zero emissions commitments in Australia, until now. Click to visit netzerotracker.org The Net Zero Momentum Tracker monitors Australia’s progress towards net zero emissions across key sectors of the economy.
Globally, experts have identified ten critical transitions that can improve how we produce food and manage land. These include ways to cut emissions, enhance ecosystems, build regional communities’ resilience and protect food security.
Australia’s first comprehensive guide to reaching zero emissions in the transport sector. Moving to zero: Accelerating the transition to zero-emissions transport is Australia’s first comprehensive guide to reaching zero emissions in the transportation sector.
More actions are needed if Australia’s transportation sector is to cut emissions in line with global goals. The Net Zero Momentum Tracker Transport Sector report evaluates the climate commitments of 32 Australian transport operators and logistics companies to assess their alignment with the goal of net zero emissions by 2050, a key element of the Paris Climate Agreement.
The positive outcomes for Australia’s economy in a shift towards zero emissions are well-canvassed. But what does this look like for heavy industry, in the context of the economic recovery?
Recent research from Climateworks and CSIRO shows that viable paths to zero emissions exist for all major economic sectors in Australia. On 13 May 2020 as part of the Climateworks webinar series ‘the briefing room’, CEO Anna Skarbek joined CSIRO’s Chief Energy Economist Paul Graham and Morgan Stanley’s Rob Koh on the pathway to net zero energy.
In April 2020 Climateworks Australia launched Decarbonisation Futures, which sets out detailed evidence of how major sectors of the Australian economy can move to net zero emissions and keep warming below 2 degrees, and even 1.5 degrees.
Retailers are realising their important role in reducing Australia’s carbon emissions The latest Net Zero Momentum Tracker report assesses the emissions-reductions commitments and activities of 23 leading Australian retail companies.
Climateworks’ seminal report shows how technologies in each sector can achieve climate goals in Australia when rebuilding the economy to be resilient for the future.
Infrastructure has a significant, lasting influence on Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions. Around 70% of Australia’s emissions are associated with infrastructure projects, according to the issues paper published in partnership by the Infrastructure Sustainability Council of Australia (ISCA), Climateworks Australia and the Australian Sustainable Built Environment Council (ASBEC).
Local governments are seizing the chance to lead on emissions reduction. The latest Net Zero Momentum Tracker report assesses the emissions-reductions commitments and activities of Australia’s 57 largest local governments.
In December 2019 Climateworks took the opportunity to respond to the Government of Western Australia’s Climate change in Western Australia Issues paper – September 2019.
Submission to consultation on Building energy efficiency in new commercial buildings in the Northern Territory
Improved energy performance of buildings presents a win-win-win opportunity. In January 2020 Climateworks was invited to provide input on the Northern Territory Government consultation into the adoption of minimum energy requirements for new commercial buildings.
Submission to the inquiry into electric buses in regional and metropolitan public transport networks in New South Wales
Electric buses can reduce costs, improve air quality and support local industries. In December 2019 Climateworks Australia was invited to make a submission to the New South Wales government inquiry into electric buses for regional and metropolitan public transport networks.
Australian banks are taking steps towards net zero emissions, but actions are not yet comprehensive. Prepared by Climateworks with the Monash Sustainable Development Institute, the banking sector report is part of a series focusing on major sectors of the Australian economy as part of the Net Zero Momentum Tracker initiative.
Australia’s property sector is building momentum towards net zero emissions. Sector-wide adoption of a net zero ambition is critical to achieving Paris-aligned targets.
A web interactive exploring the different ways Australia’s land is used and managed. Australia’s land use forms part of the Land Use Futures program, which is working to develop integrated pathways and roadmaps for sustainable food and land use in Australia.
Transport is one of the fastest growing sources of emissions in Australia. Electric vehicles fuelled by renewable energy can drastically reduce the sector’s emissions.
New buildings in northern Australia present unique opportunities and challenges in reducing emissions. Differing climate, materials and practices make a region-specific pathway essential.
Can we reduce emissions and grow our industrial sector by transforming the way we extract, make and supply goods? Decarbonisation Futures: Industry has found that there are innovations that can help reduce emissions while growing industry in Australia.
Australia is not on track to reach emissions reduction targets under the Paris Agreement. But opportunities exist in proven technologies across electricity, industry, buildings, land and transport.
To reach our climate goals, we must start building for a net zero future now. In July 2018, the Australian Sustainable Built Environment Council (ASBEC) and Climateworks Australia released Built to Perform as part of the Building Code Energy Performance Project.
Australia’s electric vehicle industry is growing on the back of global trends, media interest and consumer awareness. But it still lags behind the rest of the world.
Going forward, Australia’s electricity network may be less reliant on large, centralised electricity generation. More individuals and businesses are installing renewable generation of their own.
The Greenhouse and Energy Minimum Standards (GEMS) Act and the Equipment Energy Efficiency (E3) Program, deliver harmonised efficiency standards and labelling for equipment and appliances.
Delaying improved energy requirements in the Building Code has real household impacts. The National Construction Code influences the energy efficiency of new buildings and major renovations.
How can we move people and goods in the most efficient, safe and sustainable way? Private transport is transforming rapidly as electric and autonomous vehicles, car and ride share services disrupt the status quo.
Australia is facing a gas crisis due to a mismatch between domestic supply and demand in the east coast market, driven by rapid growth in the LNG export market and the absence of a comprehensive national energy policy.
In 2016-17, Climateworks built momentum towards net zero by 2050, through collaborative projects and solo initiatives. 2016-17 was a year of growth across government and industry in recognising and prioritising our Paris Agreement commitments.
Joint submission to the ministerial forum on vehicle emissions: proposed fuel efficiency standard for light vehicles
Improving light vehicle fuel efficiency can help Australia deliver on our international commitments, improve air quality, health outcomes and deliver financial savings.
Energy requirements for new construction in building codes are key to reaching energy and emissions goals. In 2017 Climateworks Australia partnered with the Australian Sustainable Built Environment Council (ASBEC) to develop an industry-led pathway for energy requirements within the National Construction Code (NCC).
Power up: Australia’s electricity sector can and should do more to deliver on our climate commitments
The electricity sector can deliver emissions reductions across Australia’s economy, ensuring we meet our Paris commitments at the lowest cost possible.
Electric vehicles are a proven technology with strong environmental, economic and social benefits. Electric vehicles powered by renewable energy can reduce emissions and could help Australia meet its Paris-aligned targets at a lower cost.
Australia should set a long term goal of net-zero emissions by 2050. Australia has committed to the Paris Agreement which sets out collective global action to avoid dangerous climate change.
Plug and play: Facilitating grid connection of low emissions technologies – Consultation summary paper
A major transformation in the structure of Australia’s electricity sector is taking shape. Australia must do its fair share in the global effort against climate change.
A tool to encourage investors and companies to engage with energy-related issues. The guide is to be used alongside a dedicated website where investors will find detailed energy productivity findings by industrial sector and by company.
How buildings can make a major contribution to Australia’s emissions and productivity goals Australia’s built environment presents a cost-effective emissions reduction opportunity.
Towards fuel efficient, lower emission light vehicles: Submission to the vehicle emissions discussion paper
The transport sector is one of the fastest growing sources of emissions within Australia, increasing by 47.5% since 1990. It also represents one of the most financially attractive emission reduction opportunities across the Australian economy.
The path forward for electric vehicles in Australia – Joint submission to the Federal Government vehicle emissions discussion paper
‘The path forward for electric vehicles in Australia’ has been prepared by a collaboration of industry representatives from the Electric Vehicle ecosystem, to explore the role of electric vehicles in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, improving air quality and achieving improvements in energy productivity.
Climateworks has identified clear improvement opportunities for fuel efficiency of the Victorian Government’s passenger vehicle fleet. This report provides an overview of the current fuel efficiency of the Victorian Government’s passenger vehicle fleet and considers a range of potential short and long term options to overcome key barriers to achieve improvements.
Australia has an opportunity. We can do our fair share, helping to keep global warming below two degrees, while creating a cleaner, modern, and more sustainable future.
Australia could nearly double energy productivity by 2030, and boost competitiveness with other countries. Climateworks’ research shows that the potential exists to nearly double the energy productivity of the Australian economy by 2030, through investing in the modernisation of our energy system, and taking advantage of recent technological developments.
Energy, once perceived as a relatively low fixed cost, is now becoming an important variable cost that impacts on profits. This report outlines a methodology to assist companies to gain a deeper understanding of energy risks and the opportunities associated with improved energy performance.
Australia can prosper in a low carbon world. Cost-effective technologies already exist to reach net zero emissions by mid-century. In 2014, as part of the global 2050 Deep Decarbonisation Pathways Project, Climateworks and the Australian National University published ‘Pathways to Deep Decarbonisation by 2050: How Australia can prosper in a low carbon world’.
Improving the fuel efficiency of Australia’s light vehicle fleet can deliver substantial environmental and broader economic benefits. This briefing paper builds on the significant amount of work already undertaken on this issue over the past decade by government, industry, consumer groups and others.
‘Tracking progress’ is the first whole-of-economy report on Australia’s progress in reducing emissions. The report covers key sectors – power, industry, buildings, land use, and waste.
This series investigates the energy efficiency opportunities available to medium to large industrial energy users. In 2012, Climateworks published the Inputs to the energy savings initiative modelling from the Industrial energy efficiency data analysis project and a summary report Industrial energy efficiency: summary of key findings from the ESI data analysis project.
Extensive analysis has created a significantly more detailed picture of energy efficiency opportunities in the industrial sector than was previously available.
Householders can save money on their electricity bill while reducing their impact on the environment. The Low Carbon Lifestyles report, commissioned by Origin Energy and prepared by Climateworks and CSIRO, identifies different actions householders can take right now to reduce their energy use or switch to cleaner energy.
The ‘Industrial energy efficiency data analysis (IEEDA)’ project was commissioned by the federal government and state governments through the National Strategy on Energy Efficiency.
Increasingly, Australian property developers and owners are seeking to incorporate cogeneration into their existing buildings and new developments. Cogeneration (combined heat and power) and trigeneration (combined cooling, heat and power) offer Australia significant environmental and economic benefits in the short and long term.
Greater Geelong is a city of contrasts, spanning a beautiful coastal environment, a thriving urban centre and the natural beauty of regional lakes, hills and plains.
There is more to commercial buildings than offices. Some promising solutions to commercial buildings emissions reduction are already in place on a small scale in Australia.
The low carbon growth plan is the first economy-wide emissions reduction strategy developed for Australia. It clearly identifies that Australia can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions between now and 2020 at low cost.